Across multiple industrial applications, industrial generators are crucial for ensuring a continuous supply of power even in the event of a main grid system failure. To provide a facility or application with sufficient backup power, such generators are very powerful and are designed to act as an uninterrupted power supply. Due to the potential hazards associated with industrial generator operation, it is important to be aware of common safety tip to minimize risks for the benefit of a workplace.
Unlike residential generators, industrial variations are immensely more powerful with the ability to function under extreme usage for lengthy periods of time. Industrial generators can often vary in size, and their output range falls between 20kW and 2500kW depending on the model. Such generators can also function with the use of various energy sources, and the most common are those that run on diesel, gasoline, or natural gas. The diesel generator often serves as the most popular choice as they are quite durable and thus require less maintenance. For example, a diesel engine that operates at 1800 RPM may exhibit an operating time of 12,000 to 30,000 hours before requiring major maintenance work. Gas-powered engines, on the other hand, often need servicing after 6,000 to 10,000 operating hours and gasoline heat is unable to be dissipated as efficiently.
Whenever workers and personnel are working with or around industrial generators, it is important that they always follow manufacturer recommendations and instructions. Oftentimes, manufacturers will specify how procedures such as installations and maintenance should be carried out for safety and efficiency. As generators often rely on fuel sources such as diesel or gasoline, exhaust fumes are a byproduct of operation that should be accounted for. Exhaust can often contain carbon monoxide and other hazardous poisons, thus workers need to have the proper protection and ventilation needs to be implemented. When establishing ventilation for exhaust, there should be no obstructions that slow exhaust or affect the cooling process.
The working space surrounding the generator should be kept clean at all times, and no combustible materials should be present. Inspections are conducted often for such machinery, and workers should take the proper steps to protect themselves. As one of the most important rules for maintenance work, individuals should never dismantle anything until the generator has been completely shut off and allowed to sufficiently cool. To further protection, the industrial generator should have all of its battery cables disconnected prior to maintenance.
Once all power voltage supplies have been shut off and terminals, cables, and wires are all insulated and covered, repairs may be carried out. During the process, the generator’s frame must be grounded alongside any external conducting parts. It is important that the earthing wire is not removed throughout the whole maintenance procedure as it will prevent electrical shock and other hazards. Additionally, any conductive surface, wire, or cable should not be touched with bare hands or when in contact with water. As generators involve combustible materials, a fire extinguisher should always remain within the vicinity of the equipment. It is important that the fire extinguisher does not utilize carbon tetra-chloride as its chemicals can damage generator wiring. By following proper maintenance procedures and implementing thorough safety training for workers, industrial generators may be serviced and maintained with ease for the benefit of emergency power needs.
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